Looking at Moses and Seeing Christ

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English service on October 15, 2017

Messenger: Pastor Jim Allison

Bible passage: Acts 7:36-41


“Looking at Moses and Seeing Christ”


If you were here for last month’s morning English worship, or read or listened to the message from the Open Door Web site or the printed copies by the front entrance, you may recall that we began a message about coming to know Christ through the life of Moses.  Last time we noted who Moses was: (a) a deliverer, or savior, (b) a prophet, and (c) a priest.  He was also (d) a ruler, and we will get to that today.  Then I’d like to explore with you some of the particular things Moses did.  In all this, we find strong hints of who Christ will be and what He will do when He comes into the world in New Testament times and into our lives today.  We also see the heart of God in the kind of character He has and things He continues to do in every generation throughout time.


The final thing to see about Moses’ identity in the Bible story is this: he is a ruler.  In his time, the Hebrews are controlled by Egypt, just as in Jesus’ time the Jewish people are under Rome’s power.  But God acts to put Moses in place as the leader of His people (Exodus 19:9).  


The LORD spoke to Moses. He said, “I am going to come to you in a thick cloud. The people will hear me speaking with you. They will always put their trust in you.” Then Moses told the LORD what the people had said.


Not in a political way so much as a greater, spiritual way, God later sends Jesus to be not only a nice person but the King, the One who has final 

authority over all things.  When He stands before the most powerful earthly leader where He lives, Christ says, “You are right to say I am a king. In fact, that’s the reason I was born” (John 18:37).



What kind of leadership do Moses and Jesus choose?  In Moses’ case, he sees people leading by force as he grows up in the king’s family.  But when Moses uses his power to kill a man, his whole life is in danger, and he has to run away to the land of Midian.  There he learns a different kind of leadership, in part by working as a shepherd.  When God calls him to lead His people out of Egypt, Moses moves from shepherding sheep to shepherding people.  He can then draw on the skills God has built in him during those lonely years of training. 


Here again, Moses is a shadow of the slowly approaching Jesus.  In John 10:14, He says, “I am the good shepherd. I know my sheep, and my sheep know me.”


One key part of being a ruler is being a judge.  Moses judges based on God’s Law.  Moses is known as the great Law-giver because, through him, God teaches His people how we must live.  The most famous example of this is the 10 Commandments.  The Lord commands, for example (Exodus 20:8b-10): 


Remember to keep the Sabbath day holy. Do all of your work in six days. But the seventh day is a Sabbath in honor of the LORD your God. Do not do any work on that day. The same command applies to your sons and daughters, your male and female servants, and your animals. It also applies to any outsiders who live in your cities. 


Moses decides how to punish people who do not follow God’s Law.  Then when the job becomes too much for him to do alone, he leads in setting up systems for other leaders to share in the work of judging fairly and wisely.


As a ruler, Moses also makes planning decisions.  For example, he sends 12 men to spy out the land the Hebrews will enter (Numbers 13:1ff) and chooses 70 leaders for certain, important religious tasks (Exodus 24:9, for example).  



When we get to Jesus’ time, we see Him sending out (you guessed it!) 12 apostles, then later choosing 70 (some translations say 72) workers to spread His teachings and help people in His name.  He says about His role as judge (John 9:39), “I have come into this world to judge it.”  Then He gives a specific example of who is guilty and who not.  About God’s Law, Christ says (Matthew 5:17), “Do not think I have come to get rid of what is written in the Law or in the Prophets. I have not come to do that. Instead, I have come to give full meaning to what is written.”  In all these ways, Christ fills in the picture of a truly good ruler, which Moses has outlined long before.   


Next, let’s turn our attention to several key experiences that appear in both Moses’ and Jesus’ life.  First, they are adopted.  Moses is born into the Hebrew family of his father, Amram, and his mother, Jochebed (Exodus 6:20).  But he is taken into the king’s family and raised as his daughter’s son, or the king’s grandson (Exodus 2:1-10).  The hand of God is on his life from the beginning, putting him in a position to be a deliverer and ruler.  It seems impossible for something like this to happen, but by the power of God, it is made possible.  


Likewise, Jesus’ true Father is God, the Bible teaches us, but when He is sent into this world to be its Savior and Lord, He is taken into the home of Mary and Joseph, in effect adopted by them.  It seems just as unlikely for the only Child of the King of Heaven to live in a humble carpenter’s family as it did for a child of slaves to grow up in the palace.  But Almighty God is at work.    


Second, both Moses and Jesus have a period of years when they are not well-known, living quiet lives out of the spotlight.  Remember how Moses runs away from Egypt after killing a man?  He ends up living in the remote area of Midian, leading not a great nation but sheep.  Yet God has not given up on him, even if he feels like giving up on himself.  God uses this as a time of training for Moses, giving him experience in playing his role in God’s time and God’s power.  It is also a time of calling, as Moses receives and, with difficulty, accepts God’s 



command for him to be the man to lead the Hebrews out of Egypt.  


Christ, too, has a period of years in His life when He is not well-known or popular.  He apparently spends His life until about age 30 not in the public eye but quietly working.  Jesus is probably making a living as a carpenter, but he is also learning in preparation for the work of delivering people, which God has sent Him to do.  Like Moses, He spends part of this time in the desert.  Very little is written about it in the Bible, though it seems to be an important time in foundation-laying for His whole life, as it was for Moses’.             


Third, both Moses and Jesus have a special period of 40 days apart from other people, alone with God.  In this time, they receive a powerful vision for the life and work God has for them, as well as spiritual power to carry it out.  For Moses, it is 40 days and nights on Mt. Sinai, or Horeb (Exodus 24:18).  There he receives the 10 Commandments.  It is an outline or summary of the deep commitment of love and faith that God is making to the Hebrew people and calling them in return to make to Him.  


Matthew 4:1-11 tells us that Jesus also spends 40 days and 40 nights alone with God, out away from people.  Like Moses, He is in the wilderness, and the time of testing there prepares Him for a life of faith in God and loving commitment to Him and the work He is giving Christ to do.    


Fourth, Moses and Jesus both have experiences on a mountaintop of being especially close to God.  As a result of this spiritual encounter, they are changed even physically, and their faces glow with a radiance showing the glory of God.  Exodus 34:29 tells us about Moses when he goes up Mt. Sinai, spends time in communication with God, then comes back down.  It says, “His face was shining because he had spoken with the Lord.”    


Similarly, in Luke 9:28-36 we read about Jesus going up a mountain with three of his leading disciples and having a time of especially direct and 



powerful encounter with God in prayer.  Verse 29 says, “As he was praying, the appearance of his face changed. His clothes became as bright as a flash of lightning.”  


Our Lord’s life, like Moses’, is one of prayer.  Christ spends His days in communication not only with the people around Him, not only in communion with nature, not only in dialogue with His true inner feelings.  First and most, He stays in contact with God, His Father.  That is the kind of life He calls us, as His followers, to live.  When we follow Him, as the British writer Os Guinness says, we learn not only how to read opinion polls but read a compass.  Living in communication with God gives us not just a sense for what is good in the eyes of the people around us.  It gives us an inner compass, a guide for what is true.  We can orient our lives according to it with confidence, knowing that God’s truth does not shift and change, no matter how much values and events in the world around us do.   


On that mountaintop, two famous characters from the Old Testament appear with Jesus and the disciples.  One is Elijah, who represents the prophets of the Bible, and who is the other one?  Of course, you know it, right?  It’s Moses, who represents God’s Law.  Moses was sent to give God’s people His rules for living.  Jesus says He came, as you remember from a few minutes ago, to fulfill the Law.  He hates legalism because it kills faith and can damage people badly.  But He loves the Law because He loves God, who gives it so that we as His people can live in health, strength, wholeness, and community—in other words in His shalom.


Fifth, like Jesus who will follow him, Moses is rejected by many of his own people.  Often, his own do not receive him.  For example, when the Hebrew people do not have enough water to drink, they complain against his leadership (Exodus 17:3).  They say, in other words, “Hey, Moses, we’re dying out here, thanks to you.  Why did you bring us into this desert, anyway?”  He 



prays to God (Exodus 17:4), “What am I going to do with these people? They are 

almost ready to kill me.”


Jesus has similar problems, even though He, too, is clearly sent by God to the people he is trying to help.  In Luke 4, when He teaches the Bible in a way that they don’t like, v. 29 tells us, “They took him to the edge of the hill on which the town was built. They planned to throw him down the cliff.”  And of course it is the religious leaders of Jesus’ own country who pressure the political leader in charge to put Jesus on the cross and kill Him.  So John is not joking when he writes about Christ in 1:11 of his gospel, “He came to what was his own. But his own people did not accept him.”


Let’s remember that next time we feel that people don’t understand and accept us as they should.  When we have to face the pain and loneliness of rejection, Jesus has the ability, based on His own personal experiences, to truthfully say, “I know what that feels like.  I’m with you.  Keep going.”  When we have met the Christ whom Moses foreshadows, we can never be completely alone.  And we will always, always, always be accepted by the one whose opinion of us counts more than anyone else’s.  


Sixth, Moses gives us a hint of what Jesus will be like when he goes to people outside his own ethnic group and links his life with theirs.  In Exodus 2, as we have already seen, Moses has to leave Egypt to escape the king’s punishment.  There in a foreign land, he sits down at a well after a long journey (v. 15).  That leads to an encounter with a young woman and her sisters.  Moses stands up for them when trouble comes, goes home with them to meet their father, and eventually marries one of them, Zipporah.      


  Fast forward over a thousand years, and we see Jesus leaving His own ethnic group and sitting down beside a well as He journeys through Samaria (John 4:6).  He meets a non-Jewish woman there and begins a conversation with her.  It shows her, the people of her town, and the many of us who have 



read the story of that day in later years an important teaching: God in Christ has 

come to save people of not only one ethnic group but anyone who is willing to come to Him in faith.  And the Bible uses a name to talk about us, the people who enter a love relationship with Jesus, trusting Him to guide and empower our lives.  It is the bride of Christ (Revelation 21:2).  


If you ever feel it is difficult to have a good, healthy, positive view of yourself, remember how Jesus sees you.  As Pastor Sasaki reminded us last week, we live by grace.  That means that when God looks at us, He sees not the ugliness of our human selfishness and sin.  Because of the cross of Christ and His amazing love, He sees us as clean, pure, beautiful.  He feels about us the way a man deeply in love with a woman feels on the day of their wedding.  In other words, He is saying to us, “You are loved!  Don’t ever forget it!”


Seventh, in story after story in Moses’ life, God works in miraculous ways.  For example, when He is calling from the burning bush, telling Moses to go and set His people free, Moses has trouble believing Him.  Then God tells him to put his hand inside his coat.  He does, and it comes out with a skin disease, leprosy.  He puts it inside again, and it comes out healthy as before (Exodus 4:6-8).  This example points forward toward the many miracle stories in the life of Christ.  In two of them (Mark 1:40-42 and Luke 17:11-19), God uses Jesus to heal people of the same skin disease Moses had, leprosy.  


What is the point of all this?  It is not just to make exciting stories or impress people with cool tricks.  God tells Moses about this in Exodus 3:12 something that holds true throughout the Bible.  He says, “I will be with you. I will give you a miraculous sign. It will prove that I have sent you. When you have brought the people out of Egypt, all of you will worship me on this mountain.”  In other words, one key reason for the miracles is to show that the person who does them is sent by God.  Anyone can talk big, but the power to do miracles shows that God is behind the one performing them.  And an overarching purpose to the miracles is to lead people to worship God.  The 



point is not the miracles.  They are only here to help us see the world correctly, that is, that God is in control of all things.  When we truly see that, humble praise and thanks are natural and appropriate responses.          


There are more connections between Moses’ and Jesus’ life, but we have seen enough today to know that God is telling us something important through them.  Moses points us to Christ, and Christ points us to God.  Our Father in Heaven wants you and me to live in a rich, deep personal relationship with Him.  He has shown us what it is like through the lives of the great role models of Moses and Christ.  That life with God has been made possible through Christ’s death, His resurrection, and the Holy Spirit’s coming to living in the hearts of believers.  God offers the gift of this life to all who will receive it.  So let’s go to Him now in prayer.


God of all times and places, looking back at the way you have worked over many centuries to draw the world’s people to yourself in your love and goodness, we give you quiet thanks and praise.  We also hear you renewing the promise to us today, “Come near to God, and he will come near to you” (James 4:8).  Moses did that.  Christ did that.  Help us to draw near to you, closer and closer each day.  Teach us the kind of praying, paying close attention to your word, and living with deep inner strength, which we see in their lives.  In all the ways you choose, help us to learn to live more and more as members of your family.  In Christ’s name we pray, amen.          




Botting, D. (February 2, 2015). “Moses: A Type of Christ.” MaranathaBelleville. Maranatha Christian Reformed Church. Woodstock, Ontario, Canada. Retrieved September 10, 2017 from https://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=N2avkX2IpbE

Kelly, R. (April 9, 2014). “Moses As a Type of Christ.” Liberty Faith Church.




Norwood, Missouri, USA. Retrieved on September 10, 2017 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_v-tvNDkhyE

Tripp, J. (September 6, 2012). “Moses a Type of Christ.” Suncoast Bible Fellowship. Pinellas Park, Florida, USA. Retrieved on September 10, 2017 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g_VWmCBi-1s&t =2660s



使徒の働き 7章36節〜41節





  前回、私達はモーセが a「解放者」b「預言者」c「司祭」という面を持っていることを理解しました。そして今日は、d「統治者」であったということから始めていきたいと思います。






いました。それはイエスの時代ユダヤ人がローマの支配下にあったのと同様です。しかし神様は、 モーセを神様の民のリーダーの地位に立てます。(出エジプト記19章9節)










    モーセとイエスはどのようなリーダーシップを選んだのでしょう? モーセの場合、王家の家


    その地で羊飼いとして働くことで違う種類の指導力を学ぶのです。神様がエジプトから神様 の民を導き出すため彼を招命した時、モーセは羊を養うことから民を養うことへと動くのです。




































   出エジプト記6章20節で、モーセはヘブライ人の父アマラと母 ヨケベドの家族から生まれま






















   なった、人を解放するという使命を果たすための準備をしていたのです。モーセと同じよう に、 この期間のある時期、荒野で過ごされますが、それは聖書ではほとんど触れられていません。しかしモーセの場合と同じように、ご生涯における基礎を築くための重要な時間であった










  第四は、モーセとイエスは共に山の頂きで、神様の特別近くにいることを体験したということです。この霊的な出会いは結果として、両者に身体的な変化さえもたらしました。両者の顔は神様の栄光を表す光で輝いていたのです。出エジプト記34章29節では、モーセがシナイ山に登り神様とまみえて下山した時に、「モーセの顔は主と話したので自分の顔が光っていた」と書かれています。 似ていることに、ルカの福音書9章28〜36節では、イエスが3人の指導的な弟人と山に登っていき、祈りの中で  神様と特に直接的で力強い出会いをされた事について書かれています。29節では、「祈っておられると、御顔の様子が変わり、御衣は白く光輝いた。」と書かれています。









5番目に、イエスに従う者がそうなるように、モーセは自分が導く多くの民から拒絶されます。彼が導く民はしばしば彼を受け入れません。例えば、ヘブライの民が飲み水が尽きた時に彼らはモーセの導きに対して不平を言います。(出エジプト記17章3節) 彼らは、「ヘイ、モーセ、お前のおかげで俺たちはここで死んでしまう。一体どうしてこんな砂漠くんだりまで俺たちを連れて来たんだ?」とこんな風に言うのです。







  モーセの予示するキリストに私達が出会った時、私達は完全に独りにはなり得ないと分かるのです。また、 私達は、いつも、いつも、いつも、他の誰の言うことより頼ることのできるお方によって受け入れられているのです。




 千年の時を早送りすると、イエスが、ご自身の属する民族と離れサマリヤを旅する中で、井戸のそばに座るという話があります。(ヨハネ4章6節)そこでイエスはユダヤ人ではない女と会い、話をします。このことは、彼女に、彼女の村の人々に、また、後にこの日の出来事を読んだ私達に、一つの大切な教え “神であるキリストは、一つの民族の民を救うためだけではなく、信仰により自発的にキリストの元に来るどんな人をも救うために来られた。”ということを示しています。













 これらのことの重要な点はなんでしょう? ただ単にエキサイトするような話をするため、人々にすごいわざを印象付けるためだけのものではありません。神様はモーセに、このことを出エジプト記3章12節で語っておられます。またこれは聖書のあらゆる場所で語られる真実を包括しています。

















Botting, D. (February 2, 2015). “Moses: A Type of Christ.” MaranathaBelleville. Maranatha Christian Reformed Church. Woodstock, Ontario, Canada. Retrieved September 10, 2017 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N2avkX2IpbE

Kelly, R. (April 9, 2014). “Moses As a Type of Christ.” Liberty Faith Church. Norwood, Missouri, USA. Retrieved on September 10, 2017 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_v-tvND khyE


Tripp, J. (September 6, 2012). “Moses a Type of Christ.” Suncoast Bible Fellowship. Pinellas Park, Florida, USA. Retrieved on September 10, 2017 from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g VWmCBi-1s&t =2660s